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BW Authorizations

BW Authorizations:

The activities that you can carry out in SAP SEM-BPS are covered by the SAP authorization concept. This means that you can assign different access rights to planning functionality to the people who work with the SEM System.

Integration

The system checks the special authorization objects that SEM-BPS defines and, if necessary, also those authorization objects that are defined for reporting in the SAP Business Information Warehouse environment. In this case, the SEM-BPS users must have both the SEM-BPS application-specific authorizations and the general SAP BW reporting authorizations. You manage the SEM-BPS authorizations using the system administration tools and the BW reporting authorizations using the relevant functions under Business Explorer ® Authorizations ® Reporting - Authorization Objects.
To assign authorizations for changing and displaying plan data separately, you must include the ACTVT (activity) field in the reporting authorization object. In this field the value 02 represents the authorization to change and 03 the authorization to display plan data. If you do not include the field, then this corresponds to an authorization to change plan data.
In addition to that, because of internal dependencies, you need authorization for the following authorization objects for data entry using planning layouts:
· S_BDS_DS: This authorization object controls access to documents, which belong to a document set of the Business Document Service (BDS).
· S_TRANSLAT: This authorization object controls access to the translation functions of the SAP System.

Features

The following authorization objects exist for the SEM Business Planning and Simulation component:
· R_AREA: You use this authorization object to control access to planning areas and all subordinate objects. You must set up read access to planning areas for people who will work with the SEM-BPS component. Otherwise, they will not be able to access any of the subordinate planning elements.
· R_PLEVEL: You use this authorization object to control access to planning levels and all subordinate objects. This authorization object is also relevant to access documents of the SEM-BIC component.
· R_PACKAGE: You use this authorization object to control access to planning packages (including ad hoc packages).
· R_METHOD: You use this authorization object to control access to planning functions and the appropriate parameter groups.
· R_PARAM: You use this authorization group to control access to individual parameter groups of a certain planning function.
· R_BUNDLE: You use this authorization object to control access to global planning sequences (you control authorizations for planning sequences, which you create for a planning level, with the authorization objects R_METHOD, R_PLEVEL, or R_AREA).
No separate authorization for execution is defined for this authorization object. Whether a global planning sequence can be executed or not, depends on the authorization objects for the planning functions contained in it.
· R_PROFILE: You use this authorization object to control access to planning profiles. A planning profile restricts the objects that can be viewed. If you wish to view the planning objects, you must have at least display authorization for the appropriate planning profile.
· R_PM_NAME: You use this authorization object to control access to planning folders. In order to be able to work with planning folders, you also require the necessary authorizations for the planning objects combined in the folder.
· R_WEBITF: You use this authorization object to control access to Web interfaces that you create and edit with the Web Interface Builder, and from which you can generate Web-enabled BSP applications.
· R_STS_PT: You use this authorization object to control access to the Status and Tracking System. The object enables a check to be carried out whether a user is allowed access to a certain subplan or a version of it with the Status and Tracking System.
· R_STS_CUST: You use this authorization object to control access to Customizing for the Status and Tracking System. The object enables or forbids a user to execute Customizing.
· R_STS_SUP: This authorization object provides the assigned users with the status of a super user in relation to the Status and Tracking System. The object enables changing access to all plan data, independent of whether and where a user of the cost center hierarchy it is based on is assigned. The authorization object is intended for members of a staff controller group, who are not part of the line organization of the company, but who nevertheless must be able to intervene in the planning process.
In accordance with the hierarchical relationships that exist between the various types of planning objects, authorizations that are assigned to an object on a higher level are passed on to its subordinate objects. An authorization that has been passed on can be enhanced but not restricted on a lower level. The following table presents the combination possibilities using the example of a change authorization for planning area and level:
Change Planning Area
Change Planning Level
Authorization Available for Level
yes
no
yes
yes
yes
yes
no
no
no
no
yes
yes
In practice this behavior means that you can proceed according to two different strategies when setting up authorizations:
· Minimization of Customizing Effort: You assign authorizations for planning objects on as high a level as possible, and thereby enable access to the planning objects without further authorization assignment on lower levels.
· Optimization of Delimitation of Access Rights: You assign authorizations for planning objects on as low a level as possible, and therefore make sure that access to a planning object is only possible for the person responsible for this.

Activities

Create the user profiles you require and then assign authorization objects to these profiles. Then assign the newly created user profiles to possible users.
You can find further information on the activities associated with the different authorization objects in the online documentation on the authorization objects themselves. You can call this up in the maintenance transaction "Role maintenance" (PFCG).

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